# Equation Word For Mac

Posted : admin On 1/31/2022

This book is about the *Math Builder* (officially called as Equation Editor) tool in Microsoft Word and Outlook 2007 and higher. It also applies to Microsoft PowerPoint and Excel 2010 and higher. Note that this is a different tool than the legacy tool *Equation Editor 3.0* (which is still available on 32-bit Office versions until the January 2018 update^{[1]}) and *MathType*.

To add cations for equations in your document, do the following: 1. When you type an equation (see how to create different equations for more details), at the end of it, type the symbol Hash (#) and then the number in a format that you prefer (usually in the round brackets, in parentheses). Office 2011 now also has Equation Editor, per this Microsoft Office blog post: For users who add or edit equations in their Word docs, the new equation editor in Word for Mac 2011 is a welcome new feature that makes equation editing cross-platform with Word for Windows. I’ve already shared how to insert math equation in PPT, and it is the same with MS Word. If the built-in equations don’t meet the actual needs, you could edit or modify them by equation tools or even write math equation by using handwriting board, especially those with complex symbols and structures. Tip 1: Insert Math Equation.

Typesetting mathematics on a computer has always been a challenge. The mathematical community almost universally accepts a typesetting language called LaTeX. *Math Builder* is a much easier to use tool that has less functionality than LaTeX but more than typical document processing. Microsoft call this hybrid language the *Office Math Markup Language*, or OMML for short. It is an appropriate tool for:

- Typing any document whose focus is not itself mathematics.
- Typing a short math document quickly.
- A stepping stone between word processing (MS Word) and typesetting (LaTeX)

Note that Math Builder does not perform any mathematics; it is a tool for displaying it.

## Pros and Cons[edit]

**Pros:**

- Math Builder is WYSIWYG: after typing an equation you see immediately what it looks like.
- It's easy to get started: it's already built in to Microsoft Word. Common symbols have point-and-click icons.
- It's easy to use: Common symbols have keyboard shortcuts so that a veteran user need not use a mouse at all.
- Nearly all symbols use the same commands as LaTeX.
- The format used is non-proprietary and given in Unicode Technical Note #28.
- It can be used in Outlook to easily write equations in emails; it renders as images to the recipent.

**Cons:**

- Some uncommon symbols are not listed in the menu and require knowing the keyboard shortcut. Typically this is the LaTeX code for the symbol.
- There are differences between Math Builder and LaTeX code: advanced functionality that requires more than just a symbol tend to follow the same flavor but have slightly different syntax. Math Builder code tends to be shorter than LaTeX code and disappears upon completion to the WYSIWYG output. Examples here are matrices, multiple aligned equations, and binomial coefficients.
- No LaTeX typesetting tools such as labels and references are implemented.
- No highly advanced LaTeX tools such as graphing, commutative diagrams, or geometric shapes are implemented. (Note:- Geometric shapes are otherwise available in the Insert ribbon)
- Students studying mathematics might not be motivated to learn LaTeX because they might be able to get by with
*Equation Builder*in Word to satisfy the vast majority of their needs. However, when such a student reaches the limits, unlike LaTeX there is absolutely no recourse to expand the program to satisfy it.

## Inserting an equation[edit]

Microsoft Word has two different typing environments: text and math. To obtain the math environment, click on 'Equation' on the 'Insert' ribbon on Windows or Word for Mac '16, or in 'Document Elements' on Word for Mac '11. The keyboard shortcut is 'alt'+ '='. For a Mac system, the shortcut is control + '='. Everything you type in this environment is considered math: all automatic formatting of text is disabled. To exit the math environment, click on any text outside the math environment. One easy way to do this is by pressing the right arrow key.

## Common Mathematics[edit]

### Fractions[edit]

There are multiple ways to display a fraction. The default is vertically aligned as illustrated below. Obtain this by typing the fraction and pressing space: **1/2**

$\frac{1}{2}$

Linear fraction (resp. skewed fraction) is obtained using **ldiv** (resp. **sdiv**) and pressing space (twice) or by typing **1 ldiv 2** (resp. **1 sdiv 2**) and pressing space. While you can also do this by right-clicking on the equation and clicking *Linear*, this affects the whole equation and not just the fraction.

$v/p$

### Parenthesis, brackets, and braces[edit]

Grouping symbols will automatically size to the appropriate size. These symbols include '(), {}, [], '. For instance, the expression below can be obtained with **(1/2(x+1))**:

$\left(\frac{1}{2}(x+1)\right)$

Be careful to press space after the '2' to render the fraction, otherwise Word might put 'x+1' in the denominator. Also press space after typing every closing parenthesis ')', which will adjust both the opening and closing parentheses size to fit the group's contents. Because the 1/2 fraction is is quite tall, the outer parentheses need to be adjusted to enclose the fraction appropriately. To be exact, the key presses required to reproduce the equation above are `(`

`1`

`/`

`2`

`space`

`(`

`x`

`+`

`1`

`)`

`space`

`)`

`space`

.

### Exponents and subscripts[edit]

Exponents can be obtained by using '^' and subscripts by '_'. The monomial below can be obtained by typing **x_2^5** or **x^5_2** and pressing space.

$x}_{2}^{5$

### Symbols: $\ne ,\le ,\subseteq ,\vee ,\to ,\Rightarrow$ etc[edit]

These are all common symbols. The easiest thing to do would be to find a LaTeX reference sheet. A few of those symbols are shown here:

code | output |

neq or /= | $\ne$ |

leq or <= (resp. geq or >= ) | $\le$ (resp $\ge$) |

subseteq | $\subseteq$ |

vee | $\vee$ |

rightarrow | $\to$ |

Rightarrow | $\Rightarrow$ |

times | $\times$ |

div | $\xf7$ |

pm | $\pm$ |

infty | $\mathrm{\infty}$ |

otimes (resp. oplus) | $\otimes$ (resp. $\oplus$) |

hbar | $\hslash$ |

partial | $\mathrm{\partial}$ |

### Greek, Script, and Fraktur letters[edit]

The math environment implements 3 fronts in addition to the default.

- Greek letters can be obtained by typing a ' followed by the name of symbol. Capitalizing it creates a capital letter.
**delta Delta**produces $\delta \mathrm{\Delta}$ - Script letters can be obtained by typing ' followed by 'script' followed by the letter.
**scriptd scriptD**produces $\mathcal{d}\mathcal{D}$ - Fraktur letters can be obtained by typing ' followed by 'fraktur' followed by the letter. Fraktur does not have capitals.
**frakturd**prodouces $\mathfrak{d}$

### Blackboard Bold letters[edit]

Blackboard bold letters can be obtained by typing ' followed by 'double' followed by the letter. **doubled doubleD** produces $\mathbb{d}\mathbb{D}$

### Mathematical Physics[edit]

#### Vectors[edit]

A vector is often denoted by an overhead right arrow, which can be obtained by following a letter variable with 'vec': $\overrightarrow{A}$. Unit vectors (e.g. $\hat{x}$) are denoted by a hat (circumflex), which can be obtained by following a letter variable with 'hat'. The gradient (also known as del or nabla) operator $\mathrm{\nabla}$ may be displayed using 'nabla'.

#### Newtonian Dot Notation[edit]

Dot notation for time derivatives (e.g. $\dot{r},\ddot{r}$)can be obtained by following a letter variable with 'dot' for a first derivative and 'ddot' for a second derivative.

#### Vector Products[edit]

The dot product (inner product) can be displayed using the centered dot symbol 'cdot' e.g. the divergence $\mathrm{\nabla}\cdot A$. The cross product can be displayed using 'times' e.g. the curl $\mathrm{\nabla}\times A$.

### Matrices[edit]

Matrices are obtained with the 'matrix' symbol. Use parentheses to start and end the matrix. Use '@' to separate rows, and '&' to separate columns. The matrix below can be created by typing `[matrix(1&2&[email protected]&5&6)]`

.

$\left[\begin{array}{ccc}1& 2& 3\\ 4& 5& 6\end{array}\right]$

### Multiple Aligned Equations[edit]

Aligning equations can be obtained with the 'eqarray' symbol. Use parentheses to start and end the matrix. Use '@' to separate equations. Use '&' to specify alignment and whitespace. The first '&' and then every other occurrence is alignment. The second and then every other occurrence is white space. The equations below can be obtained by typing the following text:

$\begin{array}{rlrl}2& x+& 3& y=5\\ x+& y=7\end{array}$

(The math environment here seems to be adding excess space between the alignments that doesn't occur in Word)

### Radicals[edit]

Radicals are obtained using the 'sqrt' symbol, followed by the index, then '&', then the radicand.

For example: `sqrt(a&b)`

will output $\sqrt[a]{b}$.

Additionally, `sqrt(x)`

will simply output $\sqrt{x}$.

### Integrals[edit]

code | output |

$\int$ | |

$\int}_{a}^{b$ | |

$\iint}_{a}^{b$ | |

$\iiint}_{a}^{b$ | |

$\oint}_{a$ | |

Double oriented integral (No corresponding Wikibooks math symbol) | |

Triple oriented integral (No corresponding Wikibooks math symbol) | |

Clockwise oriented integral (No corresponding Wikibooks math symbol) |

Integrals are obtained by inserting the desired integral symbol (see above table), and then pressing `space` twice.^{[2]}

For example: `int_a^b`

`space``space``1/x`

`space``dx`

will output $\underset{a}{\overset{b}{\int}}\frac{1}{x}dx$

## Inline versus Display[edit]

Equations have two forms. **Inline** specifies that the equation is to be in line with text. This affects a few expressions to make them appear smaller. For instance fractions will use a smaller font. Summations and integrals will place the endpoints to the right of the symbol instead of below it.**Display** specifies to use as much space as needed. Display mode equations must appear on their own line.

## Modifying and creating shortcuts[edit]

Everything in Math Builder requires special symbols that the computer knows how to interpret. These symbols are constructed with all the commands starting with ' as illustrated in the above sections. This is implemented via *math autocorrect* which you can modify. For instance, you might like to use ra instead of rightarrow. You can do this by adding the command to the *math autocorrect* directory.

## References[edit]

- ↑https://support.office.com/en-us/article/Equation-Editor-6eac7d71-3c74-437b-80d3-c7dea24fdf3f
- ↑Iztok Hozo. 'Using Word 2007’s new equation editor' (in English). Indiana University Northwest. http://iun.edu/~mathiho/useful/word07shortcuts.pdf. Retrieved 06-05-2019.

### Equation Word For Mac Shortcut

MathType 7.4 running on Windows 10 displaying the quadratic formula | |

Developer(s) | Design Science |
---|---|

Initial release | June 23, 1987; 33 years ago |

Stable release | |

Operating system | Microsoft Windows macOS |

Available in | English, French, German, Japanese, and Chinese |

Type | Formula editor |

License | Trialware |

Website |

**MathType** is a software application created by Design Science that allows the creation of mathematical notation for inclusion in desktop and web applications.

After Design Sciense was aqcuired by Maths for More in 2017, their WIRIS web equation editor software been rebranded as *MathType*.^{[1]}

## Features[edit]

MathType is a graphical editor for mathematical equations, allowing entry with the mouse or keyboard in a full graphical WYSIWYG environment.^{[2]} This contrasts to document markup languages such as LaTeX where equations are entered as markup in a text editor and then processed into a typeset document as a separate step.

MathType also supports the math markup languages TeX, LaTeX and MathML. LaTeX can be entered directly into MathType,^{[nb 1]} and MathType equations in Microsoft Word can be converted to and from LaTeX.^{[3]} MathType supports copying to and pasting from any of these markup languages.

Additionally, on Windows 7 and later,^{[4]} equations may be drawn using a touch screen or pen (or mouse) via the math input panel.

By default, MathType equations are typeset in Times New Roman, with Symbol used for symbols and Greek. Equations may also be typeset in Euclid, a modern font like Computer Modern used in TeX, and this is included with the software. Roman characters (i.e. variable names and functions) may be typeset in any font that contains those characters, but Greek and symbols will still use Times or Euclid.

### Support for other applications[edit]

On Windows, MathType supports object linking and embedding (OLE),^{[5]} which is the standard Windows mechanism for including information from one application in another. In particular office suites such as Microsoft Office and OpenOffice.org for Windows allow MathType equations to be embedded in this way. Equations embedded using OLE are displayed and printed as graphics in the host application, and can be edited later, in which case the host document is updated automatically. In addition, a Microsoft Word add-in is included, which adds features including equation numbering and formatting displayed equations (as opposed to inline equations), which are features that MathType does not add to other applications.

On Macs, there is no analogous standard to OLE so support is not universal. Microsoft Office for Mac supports OLE, so MathType equations may be used there as usual. MathType has support for Apple iWork '09, so equations may be embedded and updated seamlessly in that product too. In applications where no other possibility is available, such as OpenOffice.org for Mac, Design Science recommends exporting equations as images and embedding those images into documents. As on Windows there is a plugin for Microsoft Word for Mac (except for Word 2008^{[6]}), which adds equation formatting features such as equation numbering, which are features that MathType does not add to other applications. AppleWorks included a special version of MathType for built-in equation editing.^{[7]}

For Web applications such as Gmail and Google Docs, MathType supports copying to (and pasting from) HTML `<img>`

tags (created by translating the equation's LaTeX into Google Chart API). There is a list of web application presets in the Copy Preferences dialog, so for example choosing 'Google Docs' would copy as an HTML `<img>`

tag, whereas choosing 'Wikipedia' would copy as LaTeX wrapped in a `<math>`

wiki tag.

## Version history[edit]

Since the initial introduction in 1987, Design Science has released ten newer versions of MathType, the last in 2018.

## See also[edit]

## References[edit]

**^**http://www.wiris.com/en/mathtype**^**Design Science: MathType - Equation Editor**^**Design Science: MathType full feature list - Type TeX in Word**^**Design Science: Mathtype - Math Handwriting Recognition**^**Design Science: MathType - Full Feature List - OLE**^**Design Science: What's the story with MathType and Microsoft Office 2008?**^**'AppleWorks 6: Getting Started'(PDF). p. 2.

## Notes[edit]

### Equation Word For Cellular Respiration

**^**This feature is disabled by default, but can be enabled in Workspace Preferences.

## Further reading[edit]

- Foster, K.R. (December 2001). 'Mathtype 5 with mathML for the WWW'.
*IEEE Spectrum*.**38**(12): 64. doi:10.1109/MSPEC.2001.969610.